mc飞艇

【zhongguokexuebao】tanmibinglenghaididechaogaowen“daqipao”——kexuejiashoucizaishenhaifaxianqitaishuicunzaidezhengju

“faxianhao”rovshenhaijiqirenpaishededaozhihuyangshitu

  ■本报记者 廖洋 通讯员 王敏 

mc飞艇  shuidexiangtaishoukongyuqisuochudewendu、yalitiaojian,dangwenduchaochuqisuochuyalixiaqiyefenliwendushi,yetaishuijiangzhuanbianweiqitaishui。zaiyigedaqiyaxia,chunshuihuizai100sheshiduqihua。

mc飞艇  zaishenhaihaidigaoyahuanjingzhong,haishuideqihuawendukedajibaisheshidu,neime,shenhaizhongshifoucunzaidaliangchaogaowendeqitaishuini?zhongkeyuanhaiyangyanjiusuoyanjiuyuanyanjunketizujichuledaan。

mc飞艇  zai2018nian“kexue”haokekaochuanshenhaireyehangcizhong,liyongmcfeitingguozizhuyanfadeshenhaiyuanweilamanguangputanzhen,yanjunketizuzaibinglengdehaidishouciguancedaoqitaishuicunzaidezhengju。5yue28ri,xiangguanyanjiuchengguozai《diqiuwulixueyanjiukuaibao》shangzhengshifabiao。

  深海热液区的“三明治”倒置湖 

mc飞艇  shenhaireyexitongyunyulefengfudekuangchanhejiyinziyuan,gengshibeirenweiyushengmingqiyuanxiangguan,zhangqiyilaibeishoukexuejieguanzhu。

  xiangfenlizuoyongshishenhaireyexitongliutizufenfashengfenyideguocheng,duireyeliutihuaxuezufendeyanhuayouzhongyaoyingxiang。dangliutidewenduchaoguoqisuochuyalixialiangxiangfenliwendushi,dimidu、diyandu、fuqitizufendeqixiangjiangyulushuixiangfenli。danyouyuqixiangzaishangshenghepenchuhaidideguochengzhong,wendukuaisujiangdi,shidezhengqixiangwufazaihaidizhishangbaochi。

mc飞艇  “dangmcfeitingluguoshenhaireyequshi,yipianshanshanfaguangdeshuitixiyinlemcfeiting。”zhongkeyuanhaiyangyanjiusuoyanjiuyuanzhangxingaosu《zhongguokexuebao》,“mcfeitingkaojinhou,tongguo‘faxianhao’rovshenhaijiqirendegaoqingshexiangtoufaxian,daliang‘moguxing’reyeyancongjiegouxingchengle‘daozhihu’,huneichongmandaliangshanshanfaguangdeshuiti。”

  judadewendu、miduchayixingchengdeqianglieguangfansheceng,shidaozhihudehumiankanqilairutongguanghuadejingmianyibanpingzheng。yanjiurenyuanlijiduidaozhihuneishuitibutongcengweijinxinglamanguangpucaijihewenduceliang。

mc飞艇  lamanguangpudeceliangjieguobiaoming,gaiquyudaozhihuneishuitichengxian“sanmingzhi”shifencengjiegou,congdingbuzhidibuyiciweigaowenzhengqixiang、reyeliutiyuhaishuihunhexiangyijidicengdezhengchanghaishuixiang。wenduceliangshujubiaoming,“moguxing”jiegoudingbuliutidewenduzuigaokeda383.3sheshidu,yijingchaochulegaiquyu2180mishuishentiaojiandexiangfenlidewendu——378.1sheshidu。zheijinyibuyanzhenglelamanguangpudeceliangjieguo,daozhihuneidingbuweiqitaishuibinghunyouco2、ch4、h2sdengqitizufen。

  zheishimcfeitingguokexuejiashoucizaishenhaireyequfaxianchaogaowenqitaishui。

  “大气泡”被“碗”扣住了 

  neime,qitaishuiweihenengzaigaiquyudehaidizhishangcunliuni?zheideyiyugaiquyudutedereyeyanconggouzao。

mc飞艇  “qitaishuijiushishuidadaoletadeqihuawendu,zheijiuxiangdangyuzaihaidicunzaiyigedaqipao。danzheigedaqipaobuwangshangshangsheng,yuanyinshiqitaishuishangmiangaileyicengreyeliuhuawudekuangwu,taxiangdangyuyigedaokoudewan,bazheigeqipaozhaozhule。”zhangxinjieshishuo。

  “moguxing”yancongjiegouxingchengleyigebanfengbidetixi,jiangguoredegaowenliutiyuzhouweidiwenhaishuigeli。gaowenreyepenfawutongguodaozhihudejingmian(qiyejiemian)xianghaishuizhonghuanmankuosan,zheizhongteshudepenfamoshiyouliyureyeliuhuawuzaiyancongbianyuanchendian,congerjianruoduihaiyanghuanjingdeyingxiang。jinshuyuansuderongjieyuyunyishoudaoliutimidudekongzhi,yincidimiduqixianghechaolinjiexiangreyepenfaxitongdeyuansufenpeiheliuhuawukuanghuaguocheng,yuchangguireyexitongyoumingxianchayi。

  dangqian,chaolinjiexiangyuqixiangreyepenfaxitongjinzaiyangzhongjireyequbeiguancedao,cicizaihuhoureyequguancedaodeqixiangreyepenfaxitongheyangzhongjidechaolinjiexiangyuqixiangdepenfaxitongxiangbi,jubeigengjiawendingdepenfatiaojian。

  深海热液拍照的“金刚钻” 

  “duicileiqixiangreyepenfaxitongdeyuanweitance,youzhuyujieshicileidimiduqixiangreyepenfaxitongdereyeliuhuawukuanghuaguochengjiqiduishenhaihuanjingdeyingxiang。”zhangxinbiaoshi。

mc飞艇  jizhelejiedao,gaowenreyepenkoudeyuanweitanceyizhishishijiexingjishunanti,youyukekedegaowen、gaoya、qiangsuan(jian)hehunzhuodeliutihuanjing,shenhaigaowenreyepenkouyizhibeirenweishiguangxuejingtoudejinqu。

mc飞艇  erzheiyizhongdafaxiandequde,deyiyumcfeitingguozizhuyanfadeguojishougekezhijiecharu450sheshidushenhaireyepenkoudeshenhaiyuanweilamanguangputanzhendeyingyong。zheiyilamanguangputanzhenchenggongtupoleputongguangxuejingtoubunaigaowenhefangkelifuzhexingnengchadengjishupingjing,weishenhaireyegaowenliutidiqiuhuaxuexingzhiyanjiutigongleshougeduocanshuyuanweiguangxuetancechuanganqi,weiyanjiureyeliutiduihaiyanghuanjinghequanqiubianhuadeyingxiangtigongleyizhongxinfangfa。

  xiangguanlunwenxinxi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019gl085778

  《中国科学报》 (2019-05-29 第2版 综合)
 

 

  


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